Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is an indispensable part of a comprehensive approach to migration management aiming at orderly and humane return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin.
In Belgium, voluntary return has been funded by the Belgian Ministry for Social Integration since 1984. Later on, the funding was provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs/Interior via Fedasil.
This voluntary return programme is conducted in close cooperation with governmental institutions, civil society and migrant communities, constituting an example of multi-level approach to voluntary return and creating a comprehensive migration management system for the benefit of all parties involved. Working together within the Voluntary Return framework, IOM, its counterparts, and its partners are able to offer a more humane return option in full respect of the human rights and dignity of migrants.
To perform the necessary voluntary return activities and ensure the possibility of migrants to easily access the programme at each stage of their stay in Belgium, IOM has developed an extensive network of partners covering the whole territory of Belgium. The voluntary return network consists of a combination of non-governmental organisations (NGOs), local authorities (some cities and communes), governmental structures for reception of asylum seekers such as Fedasil and the Red Cross reception centres (Flemish Red Cross, French-speaking Red Cross), migrant associations and Immigration Office.
Migrants residing in Local Reception Inititatives can access the voluntary return programme via Fedasil or by referring themselves to a voluntary return partner of their choice. This provides effective services which are tailored to the different needs of the migrants in order to ensure that each potential beneficiary can choose the most suitable way to access the voluntary return programme.
IOM's Voluntary Return network of partners is divided in two categories:
Partners inside the reception network (i.e. Fedasil, Red Cross Flanders and Croix-Rouge reception centers and Immigration Office centers). Partners outside the reception network (i.e. NGOs, Cities and Municipalities and migrant associations)
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- Valerie Keller, Medical Focal Point +32 491 71 76 74; firstname.lastname@example.org
- Arta Hajra EU/Balkans Focal Point +32 491 56 05 22; email@example.com
- Morgane Windal, Middle-East and Asia Focal Point AMIF Focal Point,+32 491 56 05 24; firstname.lastname@example.org
- Audrey Bety, UMC Focal Point +32 491 56 05 23; email@example.com
- Karel Michiels, ex-USSR Focal Point and Job Placement, +32 499 64 80 94; firstname.lastname@example.org
- Anne-Marie Da Silva, Latin America Focal Point +32 496 26 12 15; email@example.com
- Leila Bougrine, Africa Focal Point, Counter-Trafficking Focal Point +32 491 71 78 77; firstname.lastname@example.org
- Andreas De Boer, CONEX project Focal Point, email@example.com
- Past Projects
In Luxembourg, IOM is currently implementing an Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme that targets migrants in Luxembourg wishing to return home voluntarily. This programme is supported by the Government of Luxembourg and by the European Commission (Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund, AMIF).
It is intended for three main categories of migrants:
- Asylum seekers whose asylum applications have been rejected
- Asylum seekers who have withdrawn their asylum applications
- Irregular migrants who have lived in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg without having claimed for asylum
Through the programme, IOM also aims to assist vulnerable groups including unaccompanied minors, victims of trafficking, single parents, pregnant women, elderly people and persons with serious medical needs.
In Luxembourg, IOM collaborates with a network of partners including several NGOs such as the Red Cross, Caritas, CLAE, and ASTI. Through this network, migrants are able to receive information about the voluntary return scheme and the opportunity to reintegrate back into their countries of origin.
In Luxembourg, IOM is currently implementing an Assisted Voluntary Return project from the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg supporting EU citizens and third country nationals having a residence permit in another EU country (or a country that is associated to the Schengen area), wishing to return home voluntarily but who are lacking the means to travel back to their countries of origin or country of residence in EU. Learn more.
Depending on the individual needs and opportunities available in the country of origin, the AVRR Programme provides the following services:
- Information on the criteria to access the AVRRL Programme
- Information on the country of origin (health care, housing, education, employment, economical situation, transportation, telecommunications etc.)
- Assistance in obtaining a valid travel document
- Assistance in the transportation from the airport of Luxembourg to the migrant’s home town in the country of origin
- Direct financial assistance
- Medical assistance
- Assistance upon departure (and, if need be, in transit and upon arrival)
- Tailored reintegration support in the country of origin
- Since its implementation in 2008, the AVRR program in Luxembourg has facilitated the return of more than 1300 migrants to their respective countries of origin.
For additional information, contact Ms. Viviane Van Hoeck at firstname.lastname@example.org or +352 621 401 823 / +32 (0)2 287 74 27.
IOM office in Luxembourg : Rue de la Fonderie 13, 1531 Luxembourg