IOM in Belgium and Luxembourg
The First agreement signed between the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration, now the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and the Government of Belgium dates from 1973. It was revised in 1996 due to the change in the Organization’s name.
In Belgium, IOM is represented by the Country Office for Belgium and Luxembourg.
The Country Office’s main priorities are to develop and implement several programmes and projects, working closely with institutions such as the State Secretary for Asylum and Migration, Fedasil, the Belgian Immigration Office, the Belgian Development Cooperation, the European Commission, the Luxemburgish Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, as major donors, and in collaboration with diverse partners within the civil society.
In Luxembourg, IOM’s main support relates to Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR), providing migrants residing in Luxembourg with tailor-made assistance in their return back home.
In terms of major activities implemented in Belgium, the Return and Emigration of Asylum Seekers ex Belgium (REAB) programme should be highlighted. The implementation of the REAB project by IOM Brussels began in 1984. The Federal Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (FEDASIL), which is the Belgium governmental agency dealing with asylum seekers accommodation provision, is the donor for the REAB project and has the mandate to manage AVR(R) in Belgium. The REAB has thus defined the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration approach for the past thirty years, and ensured the development and establishment of a strong REAB Network for maximal referrals of potential beneficiaries.
The Belgian Reintegration Assistance Programs, which include a specific approach for vulnerable cases, medical cases, family cases, and unaccompanied minors, are implemented by IOM Brussels since 2006 with the assistance of the IOM Offices in over 118 countries of return. They are funded by Fedasil and EU Funds. The provision of reintegration assistance to eligible applicants through:
- both pre-departure and post-return thorough counselling, orientation and referral service;
- the provision of individualized and tailored reintegration grants in country of return with a participative approach.
These are an integral part of IOM’s approach to return migration which supports the returnees in their effort to reintegrate and be self-sufficient, responds to their immediate humanitarian needs upon return and also aims to contribute to strengthening local communities.
Ms. Laura Palatini is the current Chief of Mission of the Country Office for Belgium and Luxembourg. Contact: +32 2 287 74 22